Herbalist

just a few basics

CANNABINOIDS

There are over 120 different cannabinoids?

CBD is one of many cannabinoids (compounds) in the cannabis plant. Researchers have been looking at the possible of CBD for decades as well as the therapeutic uses of CBD. Many people get really nervous when in comes to CBD because of the mindset of marijuana. Two of the compounds in marijuana are delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD. These compounds have different effects.

Until recently, THC was the best-known compound in cannabis. It is the most active constituent, and it has a psycho-active effect. It creates a mind-altering “high”. 

CBD, in contrast, is not psychoactive. It does not change a person’s state of mind when they use it. However, it is being used as well as further researched due to the benefits. and significant changes to the body, and it is showing some significant medical benefits. 

CBD comes from the cannabis plant. People refer to cannabis plants as either hemp or marijuana, depending on how much THC they contain.

The FDA note that hemp plants are legal under the Farm Bill, as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC.

All cannabinoids produce effects in the body by interacting with cannabinoid receptors, which form part of the endocannabinoid system.

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The body produces two receptors:

CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, particularly in the brain. They co-ordinate movement, pain, emotion, mood, thinking, appetite, memories, and other functions.

CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain.

THC attaches to CB1 receptors but CBD stimulates the receptors so that the body produces its own cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids. There are hundreds of such compounds, which are termed “cannabinoids,” because they interact with receptors involved in a variety of functions like appetite, anxiety, depression and pain sensation.

What is CBD?

Full Spectrum

A full-spectrum CBD product contains multiple cannabis plant extracts, including oils, terpenes, and other cannabinoids, such as cannabinol.

Full-spectrum CBD products may also contain up to 0.03% of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabinoid in the cannabis plant that produces the ‘high’ people experience. However, such a low amount is not strong enough to have significant psychoactive effects. Research suggests the entourage effect may increase the effects of full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products.

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Ointment
Ointment

Broad Spectrum

Broad-spectrum CBD is very similar to full-spectrum CBD in that it contains additional cannabis plant compounds. However, most broad-spectrum CBD products zero or trace amounts of THC, but there should be less than the 0.3% contained in full-spectrum products.

Like full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum products may have a higher likelihood of producing beneficial health effects than CBD isolate because of the "entourage effect". Research suggests the entourage effect may increase the effects of full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products.

Isolate

Pure CBD Isolate is at least 99% pure CBD (cannabidiol) with absolutely NO THC. Pure CBD Isolate contains anhydrous hemp oil and no other active ingredients. It contains no other cannabis plant compounds. It usually comes from hemp plants, which typically contain very low amounts of THC. CBD isolate is a crystal form of CBD, and it is often ground up and sold as a powder. Pure CBD Isolate is best used as an ingredient and used in conjunction with other ingredients for products. 

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